[8] The conurbation had a population of 1,096,042 in 2013. During this period, many buildings were constructed in the architectural style of the Renaissance. The English spoken comedy scene was established with the founding of Boom Chicago in 1993. Lv 7. Favourite answer. In the 1970s and 1980s, many 'old' Amsterdammers moved to 'new' cities like Almere and Purmerend, prompted by the third planological bill of the Dutch government. The plan envisaged the construction of new houses, public buildings and streets just outside the Grachtengordel. Amsterdam's merchants had the largest share in both the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company. Amsterdam was Europe's most important point for the shipment of goods and was the leading Financial centre of the western world. [186][187] In 1888, the Concertgebouworkest orchestra was established. According to the most recent figures published by Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2015 the 442.693 households (850.000 residents) in Amsterdam together owned 847.000 bicycles – 1.91 bicycle per household. The largest area by population, the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area (Dutch: Metropoolregio Amsterdam), has a population of 2,33 million. Amsterdam is Holland. Amsterdam is located in the Western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, the capital of which is not Amsterdam, but rather Haarlem. The current building dates from 1894. Comprising 219.4 km2 (84.7 sq mi) of land, the city proper has 4,457 inhabitants per km2 and 2,275 houses per km2. Huguenots came after the Edict of Fontainebleau in 1685, while the Flemish Protestants came during the Eighty Years' War. Lv 6. The main reasons for the uprising were the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, and the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly introduced Inquisition. The Red light District in Amsterdam dates back to the 14th century. The entire city becomes overcrowded with people buying products from the freemarket, or visiting one of the many music concerts. Favourite answer. Camelgirl. [citation needed] Though most studios are located in Hilversum and Aalsmeer, Amsterdam's influence on programming is very strong. These brown cafés mostly offer a wide range of local and international artisanal beers. 9 years ago. See a city, pick where it’s located. These characteristics are arguably responsible for attracting millions of Amsterdam's visitors annually. The IJ was mainly in peatland behind beach ridges, and could grow there into an important settlement center, especially in the late Bronze Age, the Iron Age and the Roman Age. area, 1,482,676. [61] The metro line was completed in 2018. This bill promoted suburbanisation and arranged for new developments in so-called "groeikernen", literally cores of growth. Some nine hundred concerts and other events per year take place in the Concertgebouw, for a public of over 700,000, making it one of the most-visited concert halls in the world. Netherlands. The Westphalians came to Amsterdam mostly for economic reasons – their influx continued through the 18th and 19th centuries. [104][105] In 2015, Christians formed the largest religious group in the city (24% of the population). Last came the city's official motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig ("Heroic, Determined, Merciful"), bestowed on the city in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina, in recognition of the city's bravery during the Second World War. The next largest religion was Islam (11.1%), most of whose followers were Sunni. AFAS Live (formerly known as the Heineken Music Hall) is a concert hall located near the Johan Cruyff Arena (known as the Amsterdam Arena until 2018). It opened in 1885. Parts of the city lie below sea level, some of them on land that has been reclaimed from the sea or from marshes or lakes. Plans were made in 2008 to remodel the square again because many inhabitants of Amsterdam are not happy with its current appearance. Road A8, leading north to Zaandam and the A10 Ringroad were opened between 1968 and 1974. Although the city has a modern metro system, about one-fifth of the workforce still relies on the time-honoured bicycle for transportation. This is a very beautiful place with tall and thin buildings, and is a great tourist attraction. The oldest area of the town is known as De Wallen (English: "The Quays"). In fact, the European Union laws and jurisdictions do not directly apply to the three islands. AFAS Live is also host to many electronic dance music festivals, alongside many other venues. A new building was added to the museum in 1999. She replaces Eberhard van der Laan (Labour Party) who was the Mayor of Amsterdam from 2010 until his death in October 2017. Its responsibilities include regional spatial planning and the metropolitan public transport concessions.[217]. It also houses paintings from artists like Bartholomeus van der Helst, Johannes Vermeer, Frans Hals, Ferdinand Bol, Albert Cuyp, Jacob van Ruisdael and Paulus Potter. This used to be primarily Roman Catholicism and various Protestant denominations, but with the influx of Muslim immigrants, there has been a rise in the number of Islamic schools. The shortages sparked riots in which several people were killed. Subsequently, the construction of residential buildings proceeded slowly. Amsterdam is the largest city in and capital of The Netherlands and a very cool place to visit. [133] 14 Answers. [232] Although Schiphol is internationally known as Amsterdam Schiphol Airport it actually lies in the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmermeer, southwest of the city. Answer Save. It is housed in a modern building with a panoramic view over the harbour. Cabaret dates back to the 1930s and artists like Wim Kan, Wim Sonneveld and Toon Hermans were pioneers of this form of art in the Netherlands. [170], Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 5.34 million international visitors annually, this is excluding the 16 million day-trippers visiting the city every year. As society was changing,[clarification needed] politicians and other influential figures made plans to redesign large parts of it. The building contains three halls, Grote Zaal, Kleine Zaal, and Spiegelzaal. Next to the Van Gogh museum stands the Stedelijk Museum. Simple, right? Amsterdam has its garment centre in the World Fashion Center. With 180 different nationalities,[138] Amsterdam is home to one of the widest varieties of nationalities of any city in the world. Most secondary schools in Amsterdam offer a variety of different levels of education in the same school. The inner city is divided by its network of canals into some 90 “islands,” and the municipality contains approximately 1,300 bridges and viaducts. Statistics Netherlands uses three other definitions of Amsterdam: metropolitan agglomeration Amsterdam (Grootstedelijke Agglomeratie Amsterdam, not to be confused with Grootstedelijk Gebied Amsterdam, a synonym of Groot Amsterdam), Greater Amsterdam (Groot Amsterdam, a COROP region) and the urban region Amsterdam (Stadsgewest Amsterdam). Colleagues and contemporaries of Johnny include Tante Leen and Manke Nelis. The city's population declined in the early 19th century,[86] dipping under 200,000 in 1820. Known as the Grachtengordel, three of the canals were mostly for residential development: the Herengracht (where "Heren" refers to Heren Regeerders van de stad Amsterdam (ruling lords of Amsterdam), and gracht means canal, so that the name can be roughly translated as "Canal of the Lords"), Keizersgracht (Emperor's Canal), and Prinsengracht (Prince's Canal). Among these trains are international trains of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Amsterdam-Berlin), the Eurostar (Amsterdam-Brussels-London), Thalys (Amsterdam-Brussels-Paris/Lille), and Intercity-Express (Amsterdam–Cologne–Frankfurt).[227][228][229]. Anonymous. The Van Amstel family held the stewardship in this northwestern nook of the ecclesiastical district of the bishop of Utrecht. Many new suburbs, such as Osdorp, Slotervaart, Slotermeer and Geuzenveld, were built in the years after the Second World War. Famous festivals and events in Amsterdam include: Koningsdag (which was named Koninginnedag until the crowning of King Willem-Alexander in 2013) (King's Day – Queen's Day); the Holland Festival for the performing arts; the yearly Prinsengrachtconcert (classical concerto on the Prinsen canal) in August; the 'Stille Omgang' (a silent Roman Catholic evening procession held every March); Amsterdam Gay Pride; The Cannabis Cup; and the Uitmarkt. [233] Theft is widespread—in 2011, about 83,000 bicycles were stolen in Amsterdam. The Port of Amsterdam is the fourth-largest port in Europe, the 38th largest port in the world and the second-largest port in the Netherlands by metric tons of cargo. The museum underwent a 10-year, 375 million euro renovation starting in 2003. The settlement first appeared in a document concerning a road toll granted by the count of Holland Floris V to the residents "apud Amestelledamme" ('at the dam in the Amstel' or 'at the dam of Amstelland'). The river Amstel ends in the city centre and connects to a large number of canals that eventually terminate in the IJ. Whole districts were built this style, such as the Rivierenbuurt. The old town’s three main squares are the Dam, the Leidseplein (Leiden Square), and the Rembrandtplein (Rembrandt Square). Coeditor of, Capital Cities by Continent Quiz, Easier Edition. [50] Many trees in Amsterdam were cut down for fuel, and wood was taken from the houses, apartments and other buildings of deported Jews. What makes this quiz easier? Perhaps the most famous deportee was the young Jewish girl Anne Frank, who died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. [144] The fourth and outermost canal is the Singelgracht, which is often not mentioned on maps because it is a collective name for all canals in the outer ring. Also, the headquarters of the Dutch SBS Broadcasting Group is located in Amsterdam. [80], This changed when, during the Dutch Revolt, many people from the Southern Netherlands fled to the North, especially after Antwerp fell to Spanish forces in 1585. Many restaurants can be found in Amsterdam as well. After the 2014 municipal council elections, a governing majority of D66, VVD and SP was formed – the first coalition without the Labour Party since World War II. Also noteworthy are Panama, Hotel Arena (East), TrouwAmsterdam and Studio 80. It is easy to describe Amsterdam, which is more than 700 years old, as a living museum of a bygone age and to praise the eternal beauty of the centuries-old canals, the ancient patrician houses, and the atmosphere of freedom and tolerance, but the modern city is still working out solutions to the pressing urban problems that confront it. [174] Certain years have a theme in Amsterdam to attract extra tourists. Consequently, the Zuidas (English: South Axis) has become the new financial and legal hub of Amsterdam,[167] with the country's five largest law firms and several subsidiaries of large consulting firms, such as Boston Consulting Group and Accenture, as well as the World Trade Centre (Amsterdam) located in the Zuidas district. The non-Western immigrants settled mostly in the social housing projects in Amsterdam-West and the Bijlmer. It handles over 68 million passengers per year and is the home base of four airlines, KLM, Transavia, Martinair and Arkefly. The lions date from the late 16th century, when city and province became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. Many large banks and corporations have their headquarters in Amsterdam, and this includes Philips, Booking.com, ING Group, Heineken International and AkzoNobel among others. How big is Amsterdam? [218] Previous versions of the constitution only mentioned "the city of Amsterdam" ("de stad Amsterdam"). Many schools, however, are based on religion. [49] At the end of the Second World War, communication with the rest of the country broke down, and food and fuel became scarce. [173][174] The majority of tourists (74%) originate from Europe. Unlike most other Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is subdivided into eight boroughs, called stadsdelen or 'districts', a system that was implemented gradually in the 1980s to improve local governance. This urban renewal and expansion of the traditional centre of the city—with the construction on artificial islands of the new eastern IJburg neighbourhood—is part of the Structural Vision Amsterdam 2040 initiative.[63][64]. Located adjacent to it, is the Bimhuis, a concert hall for improvised and Jazz music. [110] Calvinism was declared the main religion,[109] and although Catholicism was not forbidden and priests allowed to serve, the Catholic hierarchy was prohibited. It was constructed around 1425 and is one of only two existing wooden buildings. 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