Xerus inauris (Cape Ground Squirrel) is a species of rodents in the family squirrels.They are found in The Afrotropics.They are diurnal herbivores.Individuals are known to live for 156 months and can grow to 247 mm. Ground squirrel are generally active during the day and do not hibernate. Small mammals that inhabit this region, such as the Cape ground squirrel (Xerus inauris), exhibit typical arid adaptations including a low resting metabolic rate, a high thermal conductance and a concentrated urine , . Males have a scrotum that’s 20% of their body length (excluding the tail) and their penis is more than twice as long. Ground squirrels can be found throughout Southern Africa, in South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. The Cape ground squirrel, Xerus inauris, a diurnally active inhabitant of hot arid regions of southern Africa, reduces environmental heat load by using its bushy tail as a portable parasol. Reproduction is dioecious. Dispersal of offspring to colonies in adjacent territories only takes place after two years. The South African Ground Squirrel (Xerus Inauris) is also known as the Cape Ground Squirrel in England. The Cape ground squirrel, Xerus inauris, a diurnally active inhabitant of hot arid regions of southern Africa, reduces environmental heat load by using its bushy tail as a portable parasol. In French, it is called Écureuil foisseur de cap and in German, it is known as Kap-erdhornchen. Image supplied by AWL Images In the Kalahari, they prefer habitats with harder substrates to make their burrows, avoiding areas of soft sand. The undersides are light buff or grayish yellow. Seasonal Adjustment of Solar Heat Gain Independent of Coat Coloration in a Desert Mammal, An Appraisal of Operative Temperature Mounts as Tools for Studies of Ecological Energetics, https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.69.3.30164221, Optimal body temperatures with shuttling: desert antelope ground squirrels, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-3472(95)80158-8, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-10340-1_4, Thermal Influences on the Activity and Energetics of Yellow-Bellied Marmots (Marmota flaviventris), https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.63.4.30158178, Annual cycle of energy and time expenditure in a golden-mantled ground squirrel population, Thermal constraints on foraging in adult european starlings, Energetics, physiology and vertebrate ecology, https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(86)90034-0, Temperature regulation and microhabitat choice by free-ranging Galapagos fur seal pups (Arctocephalus galapagoensis). Moving heat around, BODY TEMPERATURE AND ACTIVITY PATTERNS IN FREE-LIVING ARCTIC GROUND SQUIRRELS, MICROSTRUCTURE OF SUMMER ACTIVITY BOUTS OF DEGUS IN A THERMALLY HETEROGENEOUS HABITAT, https://doi.org/10.1644/1545-1542(2004)085<0260:MOSABO>2.0.CO;2. ACTIVITY AND SPACE USE BY DEGUS: A TRADE-OFF BETWEEN THERMAL CONDITIONS AND FOOD AVAILABILITY? The upper fur is brownish pink with a white flank stripe and belly. Ground Squirrel foraging on small pink flowers, Deception Valley, Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Kalahari Desert, Botswana. 51x41cm Canvas Print. Small mammals that inhabit this region, such as the Cape ground squirrel (Xerus inauris), exhibit typical arid adaptations including a low resting metabolic rate, a high thermal conductance and a concentrated urine [26,27]. They are active year-round and forage during the heat of the day. They prefer to live in veldand grasslands with hard ground. Cape ground squirrels have a mutualistic relationship with meerkats. Burrow serve to protect the squirrel from extreme temperatures at the surface as well as predators. The Cape ground squirrel (Xerus inauris) is a highly social species inhabiting open areas in arid regions across southern Africa (Waterman 1995). Animal Mammal Squirrel Cape Ground Squirrel Information, Facts, Pictures and Puzzles (Image Info - Photo 1) Squirrel - Cape Ground Squirrel Info - Photo 1 Take a look at our printable coloring pages for children for lots of animal coloring pages. Cape ground squirrels have black skin with a coat is made of short stiff hairs without underfur. The overall length of the ground squirrel measures around 7.2–30 in (18.3–75 cm) with the weight averaging 0.09–24 lb (0.04–11 kg). Not only is it used to distract predators, but is also used as a parasol to shade individuals when they are foraging under the hot Kalahari sun. Only one adult male as main breeding partner is tolerated by the dominant females, who are normally accompanied by their young of the previous two years. Although male-biased dispersal is the norm, with. An adaptation is when you have to convert or transform something to Clyomys laticeps, https://doi.org/10.1080/03949370.2017.1371247, Advances in Monitoring and Modelling Climate at Ecologically Relevant Scales, https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2017.12.005. Upper parts are cinnamon coloured with a lateral white stripe on either side of the body. The Cape ground squirrel is red-brown in color, with paler undersides and face. A colony of Cape ground squirrels responds to the presence of a snake with mobbing behavior. This gray cape may have a protective function, breaking up the animal's body outline and making it more difficult for a predator to spot (see photo). In winter, the Cape ground squirrel grows a longer coat for warmth. Females have two pairs of mammary glands and normally give birth to two to six young per litter, each baby weighing 20 grams. ), in central Spain, Time and energy use under thermoregulatory constraints in a diurnal rodent, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4565(99)00031-5, Patch use in a diurnal rodent: handling and searching under thermoregulatory costs, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.1999.00355.x, Relationships between the thermal environment and activity of Piute ground squirrels (Spermophilus mollis), https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4565(99)00021-2. Evidence suggests that sperm competition is an important aspect of male reproductive success in this species. The prominent eyes are circled with white and the muzzle and feet are also white. Although females are reproductively mature at six months, only the ones older than one year are allowed to breed. ... competition are predicted to have morphological adaptations to this form of sexual selection, especially enlarged testes size, longer penises and long vaginas. Spanish names: ardilla (squirrel), chichimoco (Harris antelope squirrel), juancito (round-tailed ground squirrel) A Cape ground squirrel adapts This species has many adaptations to desert living. Energetic costs of parasitism in the Cape ground squirrel Xerus inauris. That’s a Cape ground squirrel and the image isn’t a fake. Kruger National Park - South African Safari. Ecological resilience: can diurnal animals compensate for climate change by shifting to nocturnal activity allows. Prefer habitats with harder substrates to make their burrows, avoiding areas of soft sand reflect adaptation... 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