In addition to the high cost in human lives, both sides suffered significant material losses. Greyhound has been busing Americans around for a century. Greyhound Attack / DVD / Action / Adventure / 767685161197. Greyhound was "a three-masted propeller", known also as "a fast sailer" and noticeable on account of the red streak along her light lead colored hull; she was built in Liverpool in 1863. U-boats can go on entire patrols and never see another ship.”, On the flip side, U-boat missions could be incredibly dangerous, particularly toward the end of the war as Allied equipment improved: “These men that have gone through months and months, maybe years, of training, their first attempt to go to sea, they’ll get sunk literally within sight of land in some cases, maybe no more than a day out of port.”. “It’s an American success story.”. “I’m amazed at Greyhound’s brand recognition,” says DePaul University professor Joseph Schwieterman, an authority on intercity bus travel. Give a Gift. But that wasn’t his only challenge. “When you have Spanish-speaking drivers serving Spanish-speaking passengers in an English-speaking country, the experience will likely be a positive one.”. WWII drama from film-maker Christopher Forbes which follows American fighter pilots on a perilous mission into the skies of enemy territory. Budd quickly understood that train and bus operators should be allies, not enemies. Forester. But if Greyhound failed to lift bus travel to new altitudes, the company did manage to usher America into other strata of uncharted territory. Things got even worse as the ethnic-bus model was copied in various other ethnic communities around the U.S., resulting in the curbside buses that started popping up 10 to 15 years ago in major cities with large Asian populations like Chicago, New York and Washington, D.C. When traveling in a convoy, for instance, sudden orders to change direction meant upward of 40 ships had to coordinate their movements simultaneously. More often than not, they rode Greyhound for their big move and also for trips back home to visit friends and family. We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. Bennett—shifted the tide of battle as the conflict stretched on, and by May 1943, victory was all but guaranteed. But that labor strife, which often turned violent, had a silver lining. Greyhound’s self-selected role was as unofficial tour guide. “Greyhound Attack” follows pilots of the U.S. Army Air Corp as they hunt the skies of World War II Europe for the most dangerous weapon the Germans have in the air – the Me262, the first operational jet fighter. غير مصنف يفضل ممنوع لمن هم دون 21 سنة يحتوي على مشاهد وعبارات للبالغين فقط Joe Black, a former Brooklyn Dodger who was the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game, was hired as full time director of Greyhound’s outreach program. In 1913, the immigrant drill operator paid $3,000 to open a Goodyear Tire/Hupmobile car franchise in Hibbing, Minn., not far from the world’s largest open-pit iron mine. Future … Crew members had to balance long periods of monotony with the constant need to stay alert. “It was a lesson in America’s class divide: broke people, unpleasant buses, rude drivers, horrible terminals. Today, the company is getting more money from more trips from more passengers than ever. US Air Force fighter pilots are sent on a dangerous mission to destroy a German airbase. A History of Greyhounds Ancient Egypt. Meet Joseph Rainey, the First Black Congressman, The State of American Craft Has Never Been Stronger. Surprisingly, Budd’s investigation showed that passenger traffic on trains declined even when there was no route competition from buses. Though the Germans were losing the Battle of the Atlantic, they still managed to stop a sizable amount of supplies from reaching the Allies, says Blazich. Those unlucky folks who couldn’t—or those who didn’t know how to drive—still traveled by train, unless they were too poor to afford a ticket, in which case they took a bus. Sadly, this crazy-genius idea was not to be. Otherwise, you’re done.”. Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving more than 3,800 destinations across North America. The attack on the Kidd, which has been the centerpiece of the USS Kidd Veterans Museum in Baton Rouge since 1984, killed 38 sailors and wounded 55 … The good jobs—drivers, managers, mechanics—generally went to white men. How right they were. Greyhound takes place at a critical moment in the Battle of the Atlantic, which began in September 1939 and only ended with the Germans’ surrender on May 8, 1945. There was no romance of the road at all.”. In an earlier career, while saving the world from Adolf Hitler as Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, Ike noticed that Germany had a superb highway network, which was helpful when moving trucks and tanks around. You don’t know if it is hit and you have to go in the water, will you be found? ‘Greyhound’ Review: At Sea in World War II, With Tom Hanks in Command Based on a 1955 novel, the film follows a Navy captain who must shepherd men and … In the early years of the battle, Germany held the naval advantage, easily picking off weakly defended merchant ships, albeit while sustaining heavy losses of its own. The Soviet Union, besieged by the Nazis’ Operation Barbarossa, was also in dire need of food, oil and other essential supplies, which arrived via seaports on the Arctic Ocean. In the early days of WWII, an international convoy of 37 Allied ships, led by captain Ernest Krause in his first command of a U.S. destroyer, crosses the treacherous North Atlantic while hotly pursued by wolf packs of Nazi U-boats. With Brad Owens, Scotty Sparks, Bob Young, Christopher Brophy. So Greyhound started buying all sorts of companies in all sorts of non-bus industries. Company officials credited the film for spurring interest in bus travel, and 12 years later Greyhound was still inspiring silver screen romance: The 1946 musical No Leave, No Love, featured the hit “Love On A Greyhound Bus” (a song that won’t be confused with the less romantic 2003 Sara Evans country hit, “Backseat of a Greyhound Bus). In what might be called a reverse Eisenhower, this overwhelmingly awful turn of events sowed the seeds of Greyhound’s later revival. For captains like Hanks’ fictional Krause, leading a fleet to safety meant processing incomplete information quickly and making decisions in a matter of seconds. Early in the 20th century, Americans generally took trains when they needed to travel between cities. But 100 years later, that modest sum has grown into nearly a billion dollars in annual revenue. The breed’s origin is romantically reputed to be connected to Ancient Egypt, where depictions of smooth-coated sighthound types have been found which are typical of Saluki (Persian Greyhound) or Sloughi (tombs at Beni Hassan c. 2000 BCE). or On June 11, Apple announced a release date of July 10. Then, in 1925, Great Northern Railroad president Ralph Budd decided to actually study the matter. May 20, 1961: A mob of 300 white segregationists attacked black and white Freedom Riders at the Greyhound Bus Station in Montgomery, Alabama. Mostly movie studios, automakers and large consumer product companies, these firms painted a picture through their ads and products of a country whose future was only exceeded by the gumption of its citizens and the bounty of its natural resources. The Greyhound reaches back over 6,000 years in history. Until then, intercity bus drivers followed a common practice when crossing the Mason-Dixon line, asking black passengers to sit separate from whites in the back of the bus. For Greyhound, though, the experience was negative, as the company struggled to get Hispanic customers back on its buses after settling its labor differences. But within a few months of the Freedom Riders campaign, Uncle Sam outlawed segregation in any facilities or vehicles involved in interstate commerce. Bus routes could replace money-losing rail runs, while also feeding passengers to trains when it made sense. Trailer. But how much do you know about this crucial period of Second World War history, which saw the Merchant Navy fend off German Kriegsmarine's U-boats? “It becomes a delaying action for the Germans, as they essentially fight the Soviet Union, and then later the American and British forces.”. “I think it’s fair to say that Greyhound is once again proud of its product,” says Schwieterman. Three years later, in 1990, Greyhound faced its own financial cliff when its unionized workers went on strike. The only thing more dangerous than the front lines was the fight to get there. And, of course, Greyhound was for years at the cutting edge of bus design, with models that still enthrall a large community of collectors: 1939’s Super Coach (first bus with an all-metal body and rear-mounted engine), 1953’s Highway Traveler (picture windows, power steering, air shocks) and 1954’s Scenic Cruiser, which debuted the year Wickman died and gave the world a gift for the ages: on-board bathrooms. During WWII, for example, Greyhound replaced many of its drafted bus drivers with women, which was arguably the first time America confronted such a wholesale substitution of traditionally male authority figures. This was especially galling to many because African-Americans always accounted for a disproportionately large percentage of intercity bus passengers. Forester’s 1955 novel, The Good Shepherd (not to be confused with the 2006 film The Good Shepherd about the founding of the CIA). There certainly wasn’t much at Greyhound HQ, which moved from Chicago to Phoenix in 1971. The average Greyhound passenger pays $52 to travel 355 miles, and last year the Dirty Dog’s buses covered 5.6 billion passenger miles—about 2.8 billion times the distance between Hibbing and Alice, Minn. Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways. Greyhound was especially enmeshed in the fabric of American life during a crucial period in the nation’s history: World War II. So in1916, Wickman and his two partners merged their company with a rival outfit operated by a 19-year-old mechanic and Studebaker-owner named Ralph Bogan. In this column, the smaller the number, the better that greyhound's breaking ability. “It’s not enough,” The captain replies. From 1941 to 1945, the company aggressively adopted a patriotic mission, even going so far as to outline its priorities in its 1942 annual report to shareholders. Tracing your Greyhound’s Lineage and Racing History As you seek to better understand your ex-racing greyhound, you might find it interesting to learn about his racing history. and we know that during this time, carvings or drawings represented something of value. “It’s very hard, rough work,” says Blazich, “and it can be very boring. “They idealized their passengers and the country they lived in.”. Australia’s Best Free Daily Greyhound Racing Tips AustralianRacingGreyhound.com are Australia’s only free daily premium greyhound racing tips backed by an exclusive greyhound ratings pricing … Allied and Axis sailors had divergent experiences at sea, with the latter facing especially precarious conditions. Federal anti-trust lawyers, who take a dim view of mergers that create monopolies, might have blocked the deal in different times. Zulu Attack. Keeling, a destroyer under Krause’s command—features Hanks as a newly promoted officer tasked with leading his first transatlantic convoy through a swath of water known as the “Black Pit.” Per the movie’s official description, Krause must protect his fleet from Nazi U-boats over a five-day period without air cover. The killing of Tim McLean occurred on the evening of July 30, 2008. Even Greyhound’s corporate history reflects a slick transfer. For the next ten minutes, crew members unable to properly aim the destroyer’s guns at such close proximity barraged the U-boat with “every rifle, submachine gun [and] machine gun they could find,” says Blazich. 'Greyhound Attack' is not 'Greyhound' malbarrbak 10 January 2020 The synopsis for this film given above is actually the synopsis for 'Greyhound' (2020), a film set in the Battle of the Atlantic based on a story by C.S. This tenuous period serves as the backdrop to Greyhound, whose trailer declares, “The only thing more dangerous than the front lines was the fight to get there.”. Newly liberated and headquartered in Dallas, Greyhound Lines returned to its roots, acquiring Trailways, its largest rival, that same year. The seventh column is the Break Average column. If Greyhound adopts the same storytelling approach, consider watching Wolfgang Petersen’s 1981 film Das Boot, which captures the “boredom, filth and sheer terror” experienced by U-boat crews. Realizing that most iron miners were too poor to afford their own vehicle, Wickman decided to start transporting workers between Hibbing and Alice, a mining town two miles away. As any farsighted executive could see, this development, coupled with the increasing affordability of air travel in the 1950s and 1960s, spelled trouble for the bus industry. Indeed, Uncle Sam’s first serious stab at building a quality national road system was the Federal Highway Act of 1921, which by coincidence was the same year that the first intercity buses rolled off assembly lines. A submarine-versus-destroyer duel hinted at in the clip and depicted in The Good Shepherd shares similarities with a real-life clash between the U.S.S. Amenities like free WiFi, power outlets, leather seating and extra legroom began to appear on more and more of its buses. But after World War I ended in 1918, train ticket sales started to decline, a development that prompted railroad executives to attack bus companies—whose fares were cheaper—by accusing them of ruining America’s roads and failing to pay their share of repair costs. U-405 sank that night; the badly damaged Borie was scuttled the following day. Mar. The company's first route began in Hibbing, Minnesota, in 1914 and the company adopted the Greyhound name in 1929. U.S. Navy Cmdr. Despite the fact that it was the longest military campaign of World War II, the Battle of the Atlantic—a six-year fight for control of the eponymous ocean—is often overshadowed by other clashes in the European and Pacific theaters. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress. Better roads meant quicker travel and fewer repairs, but they also encouraged the growing ranks of car owners to drive themselves on business trips and vacations. Greyhound History . Yes, Wickman invented the bus business before the bus was invented. “Bus travel is a service industry,” says Lentzsch, the former president. This deal, as much as anything, allowed Wickman and his colleagues to expand, not to mention survive the Great Depression and emerge with a national brand: Greyhound, the name of a small bus line Northland Transportation bought and decided to use for the whole shebang. "We will bring hell down from up high," Ernest Krause (Tom Hanks) tells his marines in a crucial scene of Greyhound.. Set in 1942, at the height of the Battle of the Atlantic, the movie tells the story of a professional Naval Captain heading to the front for the first time, capturing how he takes on the mighty task of commanding a convoy of 37 ships to triumph over a wolf pack of Nazi U-boats. “There would have been no Mediterranean campaign, no D-Day, no VE or VJ Days. The real culprit, his research showed, was Henry Ford, whose introduction of the assembly line into car-making in 1913 resulted in drastically lower car prices: The railroads were losing business to Model T’s, which many former train riders could now suddenly afford. In fact, Greyhound was for decades really just a collection of regional bus lines united under a single brand—Great Lakes Greyhound, Florida Greyhound—connected by sophisticated timetables and transfers. Just four years later Greyhound told annual report readers that “it will be some years before the development of a helicopter with sufficient capacity for economical capacity” to make the idea a reality. But Trailways in 1987 was in financial trouble, and the government decided that saving jobs and retaining bus routes trumped other concerns. On November 1, 1943, the American destroyer was attempting to ram the German submarine when a wave sent its bow crashing down on top of the submarine, trapping the ships in a “lethal embrace,” wrote Howard R. Simkin for Naval History magazine in 2019. In true cinematic fashion, the captain ultimately battles not only a military enemy, but his own personal demons and self-doubt. Not surprisingly, newer, smaller bus companies popped up to serve these passengers. These competitors also cut into Greyhound’s business, not only among Asian consumers but also students and other cash-conscious riders, as well as travelers who simply wanted to avoid airport security and bus terminals. (Ask your grandparents.) In 1930, company headquarters relocated from sleepy Duluth, Minn., to wide-awake Chicago. Greyhound takes place at a critical moment in the Battle of the Atlantic, which began in September 1939 and only ended with the Germans’ surrender on May 8, 1945. Instead, it was “a very complicated battle that require[d] massive amounts of coordination, the development of new weapons technologies, tactics [and] science.” Among other tasks, crew members worked to improve radar and sonar, finetune the use of explosives, and intercept enemy intelligence. “These campaigns made bus travel into a business of aspirations,” says Robert Gabrick, author of Going The Greyhound Way. Greyhound Attack In the skies above, the war will be won. They were saved by clergymen who protected them and bred them for the nobility. King Canute of England established the Forest Laws in 1014, reserving large areas of the country for hunting by the nobility. The company launched (on its own and with partners) three different services: NeOn, BoltBus and Yo! Depending on whom you ask, this strategy was either the beginning of a decades-long loss of focus that ate away at Greyhound’s soul or a smart strategy for diversifying profits and protecting shareholders. Forester is known for his meticulous research, and the book, released in 1957, has long been lauded for its accuracy in portraying the Battle for the Atlantic during WWII. In the tenth century, King Howel of Wales made killing a greyhound punishable by death. “Greyhound has become generic for bus travel,” says Robert Gabrick, author of Going The Greyhound Way. “It’s not the most glamorous campaign,” says Frank Blazich, lead curator of military history at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. But Greyhound, which had merged with the Canadian bus company Laidlaw Inc. in 1999, was finally getting on its feet again. He came back to the U.S. pretty well convinced that his home country needed its own system of high-quality roads. One of the big things Greyhound gets right about The Battle of the Atlantic is how, broadly speaking, unglamorous the whole thing was.According to Frank Blazich (the lead curator of military history for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History), it was "a very complicated battle that require[d] massive amounts of coordination, the development of new weapons technologies, … Uncertainty dominated sailors’ days, as the enemy could strike at any time. If, however, the U-boat was destroyed, none “of this could happen; if she were even kept down for an hour or two while the convoy again made good its escape, the business of finding the convoy again would be made much more difficult for the Germans, much more prolonged, possibly too difficult altogether.”, Overall, says Blazich, “It’s stressful. Violence did occur in Rock Hill, SC at the Greyhound Bus terminal on May 10th when black rider John Lewis and white rider Albert Bigelow attempted to enter a white-only waiting area. On the one hand, Greyhound had a history of hiring blacks; on the other hand, most of those jobs were menial. Two decades later, Greyhound found itself in the middle of another cultural shift, when civil rights activists known as “Freedom Riders” rode Greyhound (and then-rival Trailways) buses into the Deep South to protest segregation. The attack was broken up by local police. Greyhound was especially enmeshed in the fabric of American life during a crucial period in the nation’s history: World War II. “What you did yesterday got us to today,” a crew member tells Krause in the trailer. Hanks, who stars as United States Navy Commander Ernest Krause, adapted the screenplay from C.S. Unfortunately, Wickman was even worse at selling cars than he was at picking car makers—so the enterprising young Swede abandoned his dealership dreams soon after making his one and only sale … to himself. Keep up-to-date on: (Photo by Ullstein Bild via Getty Images). In 1956, Congress passed the Interstate Highway Act, which created the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways. 'Greyhound Attack' is a (presumably lower budget) film with less than impressive CGI about the German Me262 jet fighter. Evidence of this was first discovered in tomb carvings of dogs with long legs, long muzzles, and deep chests in Catal-Huyuk, which is present day southwest Turkey, These carvings date back to 6000 B.C. On his first trip, in 1914, Wickman collected a grand total of $2.25. Put simply, he adds, “The Battle of the Atlantic is cold, grey, monotonous and miserable.”. As Blazich explains, the conflict was centered chiefly on supplies: An island nation, the United Kingdom required a steady flow of imported goods and raw materials, many of which originated in the U.S. Greyhound tips for Monday 14th December 2020. Greyhound was the official bus line at both the Chicago (1933-34) and New York (1964-65) World’s Fairs. This labor stoppage, one of the longest and nastiest in American history, forced the company to drastically curtail operations, which resulted in big losses. Only such persons could own greyhounds; any "me… Bus. His convoy, however, is pursued by German U-boats. “Logistics,” notes the curator, “are one of the most critical components of war.”. In short, no. Several white men attacked the pair. “It was pretty bleak,” says James Inman, a comedian whose book about a 1995 cross-country trip, Greyhound Diary, captures the zeitgeist of the Dirty Dog from the late 1970s until the mid 2000s. A huge hit, the Columbia Pictures comedy starred Claudette Colbert as a spoiled heiress on the run and Clark Gable as a reporter chasing her, but third billing should have gone to the Greyhound bus featured prominently in the action. Through its ads, meanwhile, Greyhound told consumers what it saw as its primary wartime function: transporting troops and other crucial personnel around the country (“This Army Moves By Greyhound”); after that came educating the public about efficient travel (“Serve America Now So You Can See America Later”), which mattered a lot now that fuel and rubber were being rationed. and killer app: someone else at the wheel (“Leave the Driving to Us”). Wickman, it turns out, pretty much invented intercity bus travel—which for most Americans equals Greyhound, the company that emerged from that long-ago Hupmobile ride. Cramming 15 passengers into his eight-seat “touring car,” the 27-year-old charged 15 cents a ride. Advances in Allied technology—juxtaposed with the “increasing obsolescence” of standard U-boat designs, in the words of historian G.H. , adapted the screenplay but as much as drivers today love cruising I-4 through I-99, America s... 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